Penjelasan Pembentukan Adverb dari Adjective dan Contohnya

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Penjelasan Pembentukan Adverb dari Adjective dan Contohnya – Adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective (kata sifat) pada umumnya adalah adverb of manner, salah satu jenis adverb yang menerangkan tentang cara melakukan kegiatan atau menjelaskan kata kerja (verb) dan juga menjelaskan adjective. Cara pembentukkannya sangat sederhana, yaitu dengan memberikan akhiran-ly pada adjective (kata sifat), seperti berikut ini:

Adjective + ly = Adverb

Quick + ly = quickly (memiliki arti “dengan cepat”)

Namun, terdapat pula adevrb yang pembentukannya tidak sekedar memberikan akhiran –ly, seperti mengganti salah satu huruf pada adjective sebelum dibubuhkan akhiran –ly. Berikut ini adalah cara membentuk adverb dari adjective dan contoh kalimatnya:

1. Adjective + ly

No. Adjective > Adverb Contoh Kalimat
1. Anxious + ly = anxiously We waited for the result anxiously.
2. Awkward+ ly = awkwardly He walked awkwardly when he saw his ex-girlfriend.
3. Bad + ly = badly They treat the dog badly.
4. Beautiful + ly = beautifully Sania does ice-skating beautifully.
5. Calm + ly = calmly My nephew sat calmly on the sofa after her mother got angry.
6. Careful + ly = carefully Jojo drives carefully everyday.
7. Clear + ly = clearly We could not see the board clearly because many people stood in front of it.
8. Close + ly = closely Dena and Dini are closely related to the hot issue in the office.
9. Correct + ly = correctly Lulu answered the questions correctly.
10. Kind + ly = kindly The teacher kindly informed us about the scholarship.
11. Loud + ly = loudly The children screamed loudly.
12. Perfect + ly = perfectly They are perfectly matched.
13. Polite + ly = politely My students speak politely.
14. Silent + ly = silently The thief walked silently.
15. Stupid + ly = stupidly Her friends stupidly told her secret in front of many people.

2. Adjective yang memiliki huruf akhir ‘y’ perlu diganti dengan huruf ‘i’ kemudian baru ditambahkan ‘-ly’.

No. Adjective > Adverb Contoh Kalimat
1. Angry → Angri + ly = angrily Vina told the story angrily.
2. Easy → easi + ly = easily We can enrol to the university easily because our grades are good.
3. Happy → happi + ly = happily The prince and princess live happily ever after.
4. Healthy → healthi + ly = healthily The newlywed couple eat healthily.
5. Noisy → noisi + ly = noisily The machine works noisily.
6. Lazy → lazi + ly = lazily Bruto often lays lazily on the bed.
7. Ready → readi + ly = readily The size of skirt that I am going to buy is readily available.
8. Lucky → lucki + ly =luckily I luckily have you as my partner in this project.

3. Apabila adjective memiliki huruf akhir ‘-le’, maka cukup dengan menggantia huruf‘e’ dengan ‘y’.

No. Adjective > Adverb Contoh Kalimat
1. Possible → possibly The research will possibly take place in my hometown.
2. Horrible → horribly Nany’s face was horribly scared.
3. Understandable → understandably They explanation to the police is understandably accepted.
4. Incredible → incredibly The man who lives next to my door is incredibly rich.
5. Comfortable → comfortably Wakdoyok sat comfortably on the chair.

4. adjective memiliki huruf akhir ‘-ic’, maka tambahkan ‘-ally’.

No. Adjective > Adverb Contoh Kalimat
1. Basic + ally = basically They basically do not understand the main problem.
2. Tragic + ally = tragically The woman who used to cry in front of my campus died tragically.
3. Dramatic + ally = dramatically Their relationship ends dramatically.
4. Economic + ally = economically Some people try to live as hedonists but in fact they are economically unstable.
5. Fantastic + ally = fantastically The concert ran fantastically last night.

Kecuali: public, karena ia berubah menjadi publicly.

5. Selain itu, terdapat juga adjective yang bentuknya tidak berubah ketika berfungsi sebagai adverb dan yang bentuknya bertransformasi menjadi bentuk yang sangat berbeda seperti yang ada di dalam tabel di bawah ini.

No. Adjective > Adverb Contoh Kalimat
1. Fast → fast The tigers run fast.
2. Straight → straight The co-workers talk straight forward.
3. Hard → hard We study hard but we also play hard.
4. High → high I saw a butterfly flew high in the garden yesterday.
5. Late → late Tije felt sorry because he came late to the meeting.
6. Good → well The exhibition is well organized by the committee.