Penjelasan Pembentukan Adverb dari Adjective dan Contohnya

Penjelasan Pembentukan Adverb dari Adjective dan Contohnya – Adverb yang terbentuk dari adjective (kata sifat) pada umumnya adalah adverb of manner, salah satu jenis adverb yang menerangkan tentang cara melakukan kegiatan atau menjelaskan kata kerja (verb) dan juga menjelaskan adjective. Cara pembentukkannya sangat sederhana, yaitu dengan memberikan akhiran-ly pada adjective (kata sifat), seperti berikut ini:

Adjective + ly = Adverb

Quick + ly = quickly (memiliki arti “dengan cepat”)

Namun, terdapat pula adevrb yang pembentukannya tidak sekedar memberikan akhiran –ly, seperti mengganti salah satu huruf pada adjective sebelum dibubuhkan akhiran –ly. Berikut ini adalah cara membentuk adverb dari adjective dan contoh kalimatnya:

1. Adjective + ly

No.Adjective > AdverbContoh Kalimat
1.Anxious + ly = anxiouslyWe waited for the result anxiously.
2.Awkward+ ly = awkwardlyHe walked awkwardly when he saw his ex-girlfriend.
3.Bad + ly = badlyThey treat the dog badly.
4.Beautiful + ly = beautifullySania does ice-skating beautifully.
5.Calm + ly = calmlyMy nephew sat calmly on the sofa after her mother got angry.
6.Careful + ly = carefullyJojo drives carefully everyday.
7.Clear + ly = clearlyWe could not see the board clearly because many people stood in front of it.
8.Close + ly = closelyDena and Dini are closely related to the hot issue in the office.
9.Correct + ly = correctlyLulu answered the questions correctly.
10.Kind + ly = kindlyThe teacher kindly informed us about the scholarship.
11.Loud + ly = loudlyThe children screamed loudly.
12.Perfect + ly = perfectlyThey are perfectly matched.
13.Polite + ly = politelyMy students speak politely.
14.Silent + ly = silentlyThe thief walked silently.
15.Stupid + ly = stupidlyHer friends stupidly told her secret in front of many people.

2. Adjective yang memiliki huruf akhir ‘y’ perlu diganti dengan huruf ‘i’ kemudian baru ditambahkan ‘-ly’.

No.Adjective > AdverbContoh Kalimat
1.Angry → Angri + ly = angrilyVina told the story angrily.
2.Easy → easi + ly = easilyWe can enrol to the university easily because our grades are good.
3.Happy → happi + ly = happilyThe prince and princess live happily ever after.
4.Healthy → healthi + ly = healthilyThe newlywed couple eat healthily.
5.Noisy → noisi + ly = noisilyThe machine works noisily.
6.Lazy → lazi + ly = lazilyBruto often lays lazily on the bed.
7.Ready → readi + ly = readilyThe size of skirt that I am going to buy is readily available.
8.Lucky → lucki + ly =luckilyI luckily have you as my partner in this project.

3. Apabila adjective memiliki huruf akhir ‘-le’, maka cukup dengan menggantia huruf‘e’ dengan ‘y’.

No.Adjective > AdverbContoh Kalimat
1.Possible → possiblyThe research will possibly take place in my hometown.
2.Horrible → horriblyNany’s face was horribly scared.
3.Understandable → understandablyThey explanation to the police is understandably accepted.
4.Incredible → incrediblyThe man who lives next to my door is incredibly rich.
5.Comfortable → comfortablyWakdoyok sat comfortably on the chair.

4. adjective memiliki huruf akhir ‘-ic’, maka tambahkan ‘-ally’.

No.Adjective > AdverbContoh Kalimat
1.Basic + ally = basicallyThey basically do not understand the main problem.
2.Tragic + ally = tragicallyThe woman who used to cry in front of my campus died tragically.
3.Dramatic + ally = dramaticallyTheir relationship ends dramatically.
4.Economic + ally = economicallySome people try to live as hedonists but in fact they are economically unstable.
5.Fantastic + ally = fantasticallyThe concert ran fantastically last night.

Kecuali: public, karena ia berubah menjadi publicly.

5. Selain itu, terdapat juga adjective yang bentuknya tidak berubah ketika berfungsi sebagai adverb dan yang bentuknya bertransformasi menjadi bentuk yang sangat berbeda seperti yang ada di dalam tabel di bawah ini.

No.Adjective > AdverbContoh Kalimat
1.Fast → fastThe tigers run fast.
2.Straight → straightThe co-workers talk straight forward.
3.Hard → hardWe study hard but we also play hard.
4.High → highI saw a butterfly flew high in the garden yesterday.
5.Late → lateTije felt sorry because he came late to the meeting.
6.Good → wellThe exhibition is well organized by the committee.

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