Pengertian dan Contoh Embedded Questions

Pengertian dan Contoh Embedded Question – Embedded question adalah pertanyaan yang ada di dalam pertanyaan atau pernyataan lain. Berikut ini adalah susunan embedded question:

 Formula Embedded Question

I wonder
Could you tell me
Do you know
Can you remember
Let’s ask
We need to find out
I’d like to know
Could you tell me
I’m not sure
Would you mind explaining
+ WH Question (What, when, where, why, what time, how,  which, etc) + Subject + Verb

Lima Aturan Dalam Menggunakan Embedded Questions

1. Jika embedded question adalah bagian dari pertanyaan, gunakanlah tanda titik, bukan tanda Tanya. Dan juga apabila pertanyaannya dalam kata kerja present atau past, maka auxiliary verbs “do, does, and did” dihilangkan dan diganti dengan bentuk verb yang tepat.

Contoh:

Pertanyaan biasa : When did they leave the hotel?
Embedded Question: I wonder when they left the hotel.

Pertanyaa biasa: Where do you live?
Embedded Question : I wonder where you live.

2. Jika embedded question meliputi auxiliary verb atau “to be”, geser susunan subjek dan verb nya seperti pada contoh dibawah ini.

Contoh :

Pertanyaan biasa : What is her name?
Embedded Question: I don’t now what her name is.

Pertanyaan biasa : How much is the chocolate?
Embedded Question : I don’t now how much the chocolate is.

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3. Jangan menggunakan singkatan verb pada akhir kalimat.

Contoh:

Pertanyaan biasa : What time is it now?

Embedded question: Could you tell me what time it is now? (BENAR)

Embedded question : Could you tell me what time it’s now? (SALAH)

Pertanyaan biasa : Who is she?

Embedded question : Could you tell me who she is? (BENAR)

Embedded question : Could you tell me who she’s? (SALAH)

4. Embedded questions diawali dengan kata “whether, whether or not, and if“ ketika pertanyaannya berbentuk Yes-No question seperti contoh di bawah ini:

Contoh:

Pertanyaan biasa : Is she a techer?

Embedded question :

I wanted to know if she is a teacher.
Do you now whether she is a teacher?
I wanted to know whether or not she is a teacher.
We need to find out whether she is a teacher or not.

Pertanyaan biasa : Does he have any brother?

Embedded question :

I wanted to know if he has a brother.
Do you now whether he has a brother?
I wanted to know whether or not he has a brother.
We need to find out whether he has a brother or not.

5. Infinitive bisa mengikuti kata pertanyaan (question word) atau “whether” di dalam embedded questions, seperti pada contoh.

Contoh:

Pertanyaan biasa : What must I bring to England?

Embedded question : I don’t know what I must bring to England.

Embedded question dengan infinitive : I don’t know what to bring to England.

Fungsi Embedded Questions

Embedded Questions lebih sering digunakan oleh para penutur aslinya ketika:

1. Ketika menanyakan informasi secara sopan.
2. Ketika membicarakan sesuatu yang belum diketahui oleh pembicara.

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