Pengertian dan Contoh Elliptical Construction

Pengertian dan Contoh Elliptical Construction – Elliptical construction adalah kalimat yang dibentuk dengan cara menghilangkan beberapa bagian kalimat yang memiliki kesamaan tanpa mengubah makna aslinya dengan tujuan agar kalimat menjadi lebih pendek dan efektif.

A. Penggunaan Too and So

Too dan So digunakan dalam kalimat yang bentuknya positif yang memiliki predikat sama, juga objek dan keterangan atau pelengkapnya.

Polanya:

• Subject + Verb/tobe + Object/Complement + and + Subject + auxiliary + too.

• Subject + Verb/tobe + Object/Complement + and + So + auxiliary + Subject.

Contohnya:

1. He wants to eat fried rice. I want to eat friend rice.

• He wants to eat friend rice and I do too.
• He wants to eat fried rice and so do I.

2. I like to listen to jazz music. He likes to listen to jazz music.

• I like to listen to jazz music and he does too.
• I like to listen to jazz music and so he does.

3. They are students. She is a student.

• They are students and she is too.
• They are students and so is she.

B. Penggunaan Either dan Neither

Either dan Neither digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat negative yang sama predikat, keterangan atau pelengkapnya.

Polanya:

• Kalimat negative + and + subject + negative auxiliary/be + either.
• Kalimat negative + and + neither + positive auxiliary/be + subject.

Contohnya:

1. Ratih cannot attend the meeting. Jodi cannot attend the meeting.

• Ratih cannot attend the meeting and Jodi cannot either.
• Ratih cannot attend the meeting and neither can Jodi.

2. Tania is not really diligent. Puspita is not really diligent.

• Tania is not really diligent and Puspita is not either.
• Tania is not really diligent and neither is Puspita.

C. Penggunaan But

But digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat ang berlawanan (baik positif dan negative atau negative dan positif) dengan bentuk tenses yang sama.

Contohnya:

1. Devri can speak French very well. I can’t speak French very well.

• Devri can speak French very well, but I can’t.

2. Diandra doesn’t like reading book. I like reading book.

• Diandra doesn’t like reading book, but I do.

3.Beni is not naughty. Berry is naughty.

• Beni is not naughty, but Berry is.

D. Penggunaan Both…..and And……

Both….and…. digunakan untuk menggabungkan dua kalimat positif yang sama kata kerjanya, dll.

Contohnya:

1. Seno is sleeping. Putra is sleeping.

• Both Seno and Putra are sleeping.

2. Tina seems tired. Kiki seems tired.

• Both Tina and Kiki seem tired.

3. Danu is a pilot. Ferdi is a pilot.

• Both Danu and Ferdi are pilot.

E. Penggunaan either….or…..+ positive auxiliary (modal)

Either….or…..+ positive auxiliary (modal) digunakan untuk menyatakan salah satu dari dua kegiatan dalam dua kalimat yang mempunyai bentuk tenses yang sama.

Contohnya:

1. I will visit my grandmother next month. My cousin will visit my grandmother next month.

• Either my cousin or I will visit my grandmother next month.

2. I can wait at home. My brother can stay at home.

• Either my brother or I can wait at home.

F. Penggunaan neither….nor…..+ positive auxiliary (modal)

Neither….nor…..+ positive auxiliary (modal) memiliki makna “tidak keduanya”. Kalimat dalam bentuk ini harus dalam tenses yang sama.

Contohnya:

1. Tulus is not an actor. Tulus is not a dancer.

• Tulus is neither an actor nor a dancer

2. Gempita will not make a birthday party this year. Hantiya will not make a birthday party this year.

• Neither Gempita nor Hantiya will not make a birthday party this year.

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