Penjelasan Mengenai Auxiliary Verbs Secara Singkat & Padat

Auxiliary verbs merupakan kata kerja yang berwujud seperti Do, did, does, is, am, are, was, were, have, has, will, can, shall, should, could, dan masih banyak lagi. Bisa dikatakan bahwa auxiliary verbs merupakan kata kerja bantu. Tujuannya adalah men-support main verb atau kata kerja utama. Berbagai bentuk auxiliary verbs adalah sebagai berikut:

  1. Auxiliary verbs Be (To be) = Is, am, are, was, were, been
  2. Auxiliary verbs Have = Have dan Has
  3. Auxiliary verbs Modal = Can, could, shall, should, will, must, might, dan may
  4. Auxiliary verbs Do = Do, does, did

Contoh penggunaan kalimat dengan auxiliary verbs:

  1. I was cleaning my house. (Saya sedang membersihkan rumah.)
  2. She has told you that story. (Dia telah memberitahumu cerita itu.)
  3. I cannot speak English well. (Saya tidak dapat berbicara bahasa Inggris dengan baik.)
  4. May I close the door? (Bolehkah saya menutup pintu?)
  5. I don’t know who I am. (Saya tidak tahu siapa saya.)
  6. Do you have an idea? (Apakah kamu punya sebuah ide?)

Pembagian penggunaan auxiliary akan dijelaskan secara lebih rinci melalui uraian berikut.

Auxiliary verbs Be (To be) = Is, am, are, was, were, been

 

Digunakan sebagai auxiliary ketika Anda akan membuat kalimat continuous tense dan kalimat pasif.

Advertisement

1. Continuous/Progressive Tense

Contoh kalimat :

  1. I am buying a coffee.
  2. He is buying a coffee.
  3. They are buying a coffee.
  4. I was buying a coffee.
  5. You were buying a coffee.
  6. They have been buying a coffee.
  7. You had been buying a coffee.

 

2. Kalimat pasif

Berbagai bentuk kalimat pasif dan sudah barang tentu menggunakan auxiliary verbs be untuk membuatnya menjadi sempurna. Contohnya adalah sebagai berikut:

  1. The book is brought by Andin.
  2. The books are brought by Andin.
  3. The book was brought by Andin.
  4. The books were brought by Andin.
  5. The book has been brought by Andin.
  6. The books have been brought by Andin.
  7. The book had been brought by Andin.

 

Auxiliary verbs Have = Have, Has, dan Had

 

Have serta Has digunakan ketika Anda membuat kalimat dengan simple perfect tense. Dalam tenses ini, Have dan Has artinya adalah “sudah” serta diikuti oleh kata kerja ketiga atau past participle.

Contoh:

  1. I have watched this movie.
  2. She had watched this movie.
  3. He has been watching this movie.
  4. They have been watching this movie.
  5. I had been watching this movie.
  6. This movie has been watched by Arial. (pasif)

 

Auxiliary verbs Modal = Can, could, shall, should, will, must, might, dan may

 

Tentu Anda mengenal Auxiliary verbs jenis ini, dimana digunakan dalam banyak situasi. Penggunaanya sangat mudah dimana Anda hanya harus menambahkan kata kerja pertama setelah modal tersebut.

Contoh:

  1. I will visit your house. (Saya akan mengunjungi rumahmu.)
  2. I can keep your book. (Saya dapat menjaga bukumu.)
  3. May I come to your house? (Bolehkah saya datang kerumahmu?)
  4. I must go there quickly. (Saya harus pergi kesana secepatnya.)
  5. You should be more creative. (Kamu harus lebih kreatif.)

 

Auxiliary verbs Do = Do, does, did

 

Auxiliary verbs jenis ini biasa digunakan pada kalimat negatif, serta kalimat pertanyaan. Lihat contoh berikut.

Contoh:

  1. He does not play a football game.
  2. She does not play a football game.
  3. I do not play a football game.
  4. They do not play a football game.
  5. Does he play a football game?
  6. Does she play a football game?
  7. Do they play a football game?

 

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *